National Cancer Institute

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About the National Cancer Institute


Cancer surveillance provides a quantitative portrait of cancer and its determinants in a defined population. The core functions of cancer surveillance are the measurement of cancer incidence, morbidity, survival, and mortality for persons with cancer. It also includes the assessment of genetic predisposition, environmental and behavioral risk factors, screening practices, and the quality of care from prevention through palliation. Cancer surveillance tells us where we are in the effort to reduce the cancer burden and also generates the observations that form the basis for cancer research and interventions for cancer prevention and control.

Access the Data

Contents of the Data

Statistical Tables, Graphs, and Maps

  • Cancer Stat Fact Sheets
  • SEER Cancer Statistics Review, 1975-2005
  • Fast Stats
  • State Cancer Profiles
  • More...

Reports on Cancer

  • Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975-2005
  • US Cancer Statistics: 1999-2005 Incidence & Mortality
  • Cancer in American Indians and Alaska Natives
  • Cancer Survival Among Adults
  • Other Statistical Publications
  • More...

Research Tools

  • What tool should I use?
  • Analytic Software
  • Accessing Datasets & Tools

Other Links

Main Categories

  • Incidence
    • the number of newly diagnosed cases during a specific time period
  • Mortality
    • the number of deaths during a specific time period
  • Prevalence
    • the number of new and pre-existing cases alive on a certain date
  • Survival
    • the proportion of patients alive at some point subsequent to the diagnosis of their cancer
  • Lifetime Risk
    • the probability of developing or dying of cancer
  • Statistics by Race/Ethnicity
    • cancer statistics by US population groups